As the head of Fiat, he controlled 4. He was the richest man in modern Italian history.Zaban exam toefl
Agnelli was regarded as having an impeccable and slightly eccentric fashion sense,  which has influenced both Italian and international men's fashion. Agnelli was born in Turin but maintained strong ties with the village of Villar Perosanear Turin in the Piedmont region. Agnelli was named after his grandfather Giovanni Agnellithe founder of the Italian car manufacturer Fiat.
His maternal grandmother was American. Gianni — as he was known to differentiate from his grandfather, with whom he shared his first name — inherited the command of Fiat and the Agnelli family assets in general infollowing a period in which Fiat was temporarily "ruled" by Vittorio Valletta while Gianni was learning how his family's company worked.
Agnelli raised Fiat to become the most important company in Italy, and one of the major car-builders of Europe. He also developed the accessory business, with minor companies also operating in military industry. Agnelli and Fiat would come to share a common vision, Agnelli meaning Fiat and, more sensibly, Fiat meaning Agnelli. Agnelli was educated at Pinerolo Cavalry Academy, and studied law at the University of Turinalthough he never practiced law.
He fought on the Eastern Frontbeing wounded twice. He also served in a Fiat-built armoured-car division in North Africawhere he was shot in the arm by a German officer during a bar fight over a woman.
His grandfather, who had manufactured vehicles for the Axis powers during the war, was forced to retire from Fiat, but named Valletta to be his successor.Parts of a bullet
Gianni's grandfather died, leaving Gianni head of the family but Valletta running the company. Fiat then began producing Italy's first inexpensive mass-produced car. Prior to his marriage on 19 November to Donna Marella Caracciolo dei principi di Castagneto — a half-American, half-Neapolitan noblewoman who made a small but significant name as a fabric designer, and a bigger name as a tastemaker  — Agnelli was a noted playboy whose mistresses included the socialite Pamela Harriman and even Jackie Kennedy.
Though Agnelli continued to be involved with other women during his marriage, including the film star Anita Ekberg and the American fashion designer Jackie Rogers,  the Agnellis remained married until his death of prostate cancer in at the age of He left his extraordinary paintings to the city of Turin in His only son, Edoardo Agnelliwas born seven months after the couple's wedding, in New York on 9 June Gianni gave up trying to groom him to take over Fiat, seeing how the boy was more interested in mysticism than making cars he studied religion at Princeton University and took part in a world day of prayer in Assisi.
Edoardo, who seemed burdened by the mantle of his surname, committed suicide on 15 November by jumping off a bridge near Turin; Gianni himself joined police at the scene. Edoardo never married, but he had one son born out of wedlock in who was not recognized by Gianni Agnelli. She has five other children from her second marriage to Count Serge de Pahlen.
Agnelli became president of Fiat in He opened factories in many places, including Russia at the time the Soviet Union and South America, and started international alliances and joint-ventures like Ivecowhich marked a new industrial mentality. In the s, during the international petrol crisis, he sold part of the company to Lafico, a Libyan company owned by Colonel Qaddhafi ; Agnelli would later repurchase these shares, however.Much is riding on Italy being able to persuade its people to change their work habits if their financial futures are going to improve, both individually and as a nation.
While its deficit is low, at 5 percent of gross domestic product, debt is percent, the same as that of Greece. To reduce it, Italy needs more robust economic growth to stoke government revenue.Keyboard download
Recent forecasts have reduced growth projections for the southern tier. Economists fear that if unchecked, the financial divide that has long existed between Northern and Southern Europe could lead to instability in the nation euro club over time. Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is tackling the issue in an austerity package introduced in May that includes tying public salary to productivity gains, raising the retirement age and slashing government spending.
While Italians are not denying that austerity is necessary, an estimated one million people went on strike last month to protest the latest squeeze on workers.
In Pomigliano, as elsewhere in Italy, workers acknowledged in recent interviews that the country must recalibrate. The 5, employees have been operating the plant at 32 percent capacity for the last two years, since demand collapsed during the economic crisis. Keeping the plant open would seem to make little economic sense.
Unemployment and growth rates here are among the worst in the country, while productivity has been about 20 percent lower. Marchionne, who engineered a stunning turnaround of Fiat inpulling it from the brink of bankruptcy, called on employees to radically alter their work ethic to compete in the global marketplace. If they did so, he vowed to spare the plant from closure and shift production of the popular Panda car back from Poland.
Russo said. Just last month, Fiat erected large television screens inside the factory when Italy played in the World Cup to encourage employees to come to work, said Mr. Nacco, the longtime worker there. Still, some people did not show up. Yet for every worker resisting the shift, many more have decided that having a job is better than unemployment.
A third daily shift would double output tocars annually by next summer. Fiat declined to make Mr. Marchionne or other executives available to discuss the situation. From the perspective of Mr. Niglio and other members of the union known as FIOM, the only one of five unions to vote against the plan, Mr. Marchionne is marching Italy on a path toward China. Absenteeism, he insisted, has not been a problem in the factory for years. Many Fiat workers, however, said they had long complained to managers about employees who regularly missed shifts, a problem that they said persisted today.
Nacco said. Imagine when this is multiplied across the factory. Managers are cracking down nonetheless, sending a doctor to the homes of employees who do not show up for work.Kf94 mask virus
Nacco, along with other people who declined to be identified by name so as not to escalate tensions at the plant, said resistance would not disappear overnight. To some, Fiat is drawing the curtain on a humane working life. Home Page World U.Noted for his keen observations of the automotive industry, Marchionne's insights ranged from frank criticism of his company's own products to a highly-regarded presentation titled Confessions of a Capital Junkie, extolling the benefits of industry consolidation.
Marchionne was widely recognized for turning around Fiat Group to become one of the fastest growing companies in the auto industry in less than two years. Less than two years later, following its emergence from Chapter 11, Chrysler returned to profitability, repaying all government loans.
InFiat and Chrysler merged into a new holding company, Fiat Chrysler Automobilesnow the seventh-largest automobile manufacturer in the world. Following complications from surgery, Marchionne resigned from all of his positions in July  and died a few days later. His father served as a Carabiniere in Istria, where he met his future wife.
Marchionne's grandfather, Giacomo Zuccon, was killed in September by Yugoslav Partisans near Barban in Istria, while his uncle Giuseppe Zuccon was killed by the Nazis the same year. Inwhen the region was occupied by the Yugoslav army, Marchionne's parents moved to Chieti in Abruzzo, where Sergio was born. At 13, Marchionne emigrated with his family to TorontoOntarioCanada, where they had relatives.
Marchionne attended St. Michael's College Schoolbefore completing his undergraduate studies in philosophy at the University of Toronto and earning a bachelor of commerce degree and an MBA from the University of Windsor  as well as a law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School of York University Marchionne was elected as an independent member of the Board of Directors of Fiat S. In February Marchionne sparked widespread controversy in the U.
Fiat and Chrysler officially merged under Marchionne's leadership on August 1, Following the Volkswagen emissions scandalin Januarythe EPA also accused Fiat Chrysler of illegally installing software that allowed excess diesel emissions to go undetected.
Marchionne denied any wrongdoing. He died on July 25,at age 66,  most likely from complications related to underlying cancer. Marchionne earned a reputation for an outspoken and often blunt approach. The only thing that matters to him is results. If you don't deliver, you are out. He is quite ruthless.
When Marchionne took over the company [Fiat], he was literally firing one manager a day but there was a leadership problem and nobody wanted to take hard decisions. The communication from bottom to top in management was slow and wrong. He also changed that. He reduced the layers of management and gave his role a more direct view of what the business was doing. And of course his ego is very big and sometimes people who had clashes with him were basically fired.
Looking at his style from outside it seems awful, but he delivered. Despite the buttoned-down business world in which he worked, Marchionne disliked having to think about his wardrobe, and became known for wearing black sweaters and jeans — keeping a supply of both in each of his residences. Reporters noted that he had not been seen wearing a tie since He was a chain-smoker until his final months. It was rebuilt after the August Central Italy earthquakefinanced largely by the sale of the th La Ferrari.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Italian-Canadian businessman. ChietiItaly.Inhe was the chosen heir of his grandfather Gianni Agnelli and chairs and controls the automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
In July he was appointed as chairman of Ferrari after Sergio Marchionne had to leave due to health issues. His parents divorced in and both have remarried. His paternal great-grand-uncle was the banker Ettore Ovazza. He has a brother, Lapoand a sister, Ginevraas well as five half-siblings from his mother's second marriage, as Margherita Agnelli de Pahlen, to Serge de Pahlen. His younger half-siblings are: Maria bornPierre borntwins Sophie and Anna born and Tatiana born While pursuing a degree in engineering, Elkann gained work experience through several internships: headlight plant in BirminghamEnglandproduction line in TychyPolandcar dealership in LilleFrance and also at GE's CIG corporate initiatives group where he worked on a thesis on e-auctions He was appointed to the Fiat board at the age of He left General Electric two years later.
He is Chairman of the Agnelli Foundation, a philanthropic institution supporting education. In he was included by Fortune in the world's most influential managers under the age of In February he featured as one of the protagonists on the podcast series by Reid Hoffman Linkedin co-founder Masters of Scale. In this interview he discussed the conditions which enable companies to last over centuries using the metaphor of the "phoenix"and described the case of Fiat, from the crisis of to the creation of the Fiat Chrysler.
Elkann was baptized and raised Catholic. They have three children. He is also a regular contributor to the Google Camp, which every year gathers tech entrepreneurs, investors, representatives of institutions and pop stars in SciaccaAgrigento and other places around Sicily. In June he invited Peter ThielReid HoffmanXavier Niel and other global tech leaders to the SEI Torino Forum for the international launch of the new School of Entrepreneurship and Innovation of Turin,  the initiative supported by the Agnelli Foundation helping university level students to start new businesses.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Italian businessman. New York CityUS.It tells the story of Charlie Croker Michael Cainethe leader of a cockney criminal gang released from prison with the intention of doing a "big job" in Italy to steal gold bullion from an armoured security truck.
Lead actor Michael Caine is among its singers. Charlie Croker is released from prison.Saturn l200 fuse diagram diagram base website fuse diagram
He meets up with the widow of his friend and fellow thief Roger Beckermann, who has been killed by the Mafia while driving a Lamborghini Miura in the Italian Alps. Croker breaks back into his former prison to convince the powerful crime lord Mr. Bridger, who is intensely nationalistic, to finance the plan.
Bridger, who has bribed almost all of the prison guards to work for him, initially rejects the plan, but changes his mind after he learns that Fiat is set to build a new factory in China. With Bridger's backing, Croker recruits computer expert Professor Peach and a team of thieves and drivers.
The plan calls for Peach to replace the programme in the computer that controls Turin's traffic control systemcreating a paralysing traffic jam that will allow the thieves to escape with the gold in three Mini Cooper S getaway cars. After planning and training, Croker, his girlfriend Lorna, and the heist crew set out for Turin. Mafia boss Altabani and his underlings are waiting in the Alps at the same pass where they killed Beckermann.
Just as Altabani is about to give the order to shoot the gang, Croker tells him that Mr. Bridger will avenge their deaths by driving Italian merchants in selected British cities out of business.
Not wanting to risk suffering on any fellow Italians, Altabani lets them go, ordering them to return to England and believing that it is too big a job for Croker to undertake.
Instead, Croker proceeds with the plan, replacing the traffic control system's magnetic tape data storage reels. On the day of the robbery, Croker sends gang member Birkinshaw, disguised as a football fan, to jam the closed circuit television cameras that monitor traffic. The substitute data reel then causes widespread traffic chaos. The gang converge on the gold convoy, overpower the guards, and tow the armoured car into the entrance hall of the Museo Egizio.
There, the gang transfer the gold to the Minis. Altabani recognises that "If they planned this jam, they must have planned a way out.
The getaway is timed perfectly, and they throw off the police by driving through a large sewer pipe. As Mr. Bridger receives the cheers and adulation of his fellow prison inmates, the gang drive the Minis into the back of a moving customised coach. They then unload the gold and dispose of the Minis by pushing them off the mountainside. The rest of the gang, having sneaked out of the city in a minibus while disguised as football supporters, rendezvous with the coach in the Alps.ALL ALL IN.
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Discover Panda 4x4.The subject who is truly loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures. This article was published more than 1 year ago. Some information in it may no longer be current. Sergio Marchionne, the visionary Italian-Canadian who left an indelible mark on the global auto industry, has died at age His death Wednesday in Switzerland came days after he stepped down officially as chief executive officer of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV. He died from complications after shoulder surgery.
Italian newspapers reported that he suffered an embolism during the surgery and sustained brain damage. His crowning achievement as one of the prominent industrialists of the 21st century is the creation, survival and now financial success of Fiat Chrysler.
He first restored a battered Fiat to profitability after joining the Italy-based company as chief executive officer in Byit was strong enough to be the last hope to keep Chrysler from tumbling into liquidation during the Great Recession.
A decade later, when Mr. Marchionne presented a five-year business plan on June 1, the combined company was headed out of debt.
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News of his death came just hours before Fiat Chrysler reported its second-quarter financial results that confirmed the car company is now in a net cash position.
Manley said. Marchionne to stay and not leave the company in earlywhich was the original plan before he fell ill. Added former federal government official David Moloney, who negotiated with Mr. One measure of his success is financial performance. Marchionne was born in Chieti, Italy, in — the son of a police officer — and moved to Toronto in He attended St.
Marchionne in the s. Di Iulio said Wednesday that he and friends saw that the young Marchionne would go places. And things lined up for him.
He worked hard.
He last saw his friend at a fundraising event at a Toronto Ferrari dealership that was held last year to raise money for Italian earthquake relief. His success there was noticed by the Agnelli family, the founders and controlling shareholders of Fiat, who tapped him to be CEO.
He restored Fiat to financial health, in part by insisting General Motors Corp. In this Jan.
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